Posts by: Aziz Ahmad
History of Mecca before Islam
Our understanding about Mecca seems to shape under a spiritualized explanation based on religious doctrines, rather than socio-cultural explanations toward the city.
Separating Religion and State is Impossible
Throughout history, many people tried to separate religion and politics, but doesn’t seem to succeed. What people can do is just separating religious authority and state authority.
Inspiration from the Golden Age of Islam
I have never ceased to admire the spirit of Muslim scholars in medieval Islam era (about 8-13 / 14 AD …
Prophet Muhammad, Islam and China
Although the Prophet Muhammad had never gone to China, but the fame and progress of China had been heard to various Arab regions brought by these traders and sailors. So, the hadith that prophet Muhammad instructs Muslims to study even though it reaches China (Arabic: Shin) provides indication of the relationship between Arabia and China.
Ibn Khaldun and The Fall of Khilafah
According to Ibn Khaldun, there were devoted people but morally corrupted at the same time, so power became an instrument of boasting life and Abbasid rulers sank into worldly pleasures. They blatantly neglect religious values, said Ibn Khaldun, so that Allah took over their power from the Arabs completely and replaced by other nations.
Indonesia between Islam and Nationalism
After reformation era, the beginning of democracy and freedom of expression, Indonesia witnessed the emergence of some anti-nationalism groups in public sphere. Therefore, the debate about the compatibility of Islam and nationalism is still relevant to be raised again.
Indonesia is an Islamic State. Here’s Why
Despite the accomodation of Islamic institutions in structural level, we must highlight the acceptance of Pancasila (literally means five principals in Sanskirt) as the ultimate state’s foundation of Indonesia. All five pillars in Pancasila represent the basic virtues of Religion.
The Faces of Al-Ghazali
Al-Ghazali is known for his book on Sufism, Ihya’ ulum al-din. But there are at least two ‘faces’ of the Hujjat al-Islam: The Mystical and Philosophical Ghazali.
If Islam is Religion of Peace, Why the Prophet goes to War?
Islam is seeking for peace. But on the other hand, the Prophet goes for war. How to explain the contradiction?
Post-Islamism in Muslim World
What is post-Islamism, and how does it affect the political landscape of Muslim countries in the world? Ulil Abshar Abdalla shares his insights on the phenomena.